Government of Nepal Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Supplies Trade and Export Promotion Centre
Honey is a popular health food said to facilitate better physical performance. In recent years, the antibiotic and wound healing properties of honey have been scientifically proven. Likewise, increasingly honey is used as a substitute for sugar.
Nepal has a long and venerable tradition of beekeeping and honey hunting dating back thousands of years. Beekeeping with a native hive bee Apis cerana is an old tradition handed down from generations and it is still in a preliminary stage. Apis cerana colonies are generally kept in the log and wall hives without any management except honey harvesting once or twice a year. Apis cerana beekeeping is a sideline activity for many farmers, who grow a variety of crops, rear livestock and perform a number of other activities to manage their livelihood.
Nepal produces a wide variety of specialized honey and other bee products noted for their purity and high medicinal value. The majority of the honey found in Nepal is of multi-floral origin. However, there are some unify oral honey including chiuri (Indian butter tree), mustard, buckwheat, rudilo (Pogostomone spp), sunflower and litchi honey. Honeydew honey collected from pine and spruce trees (Salle Maha) and oak trees (Dalle Maha) is also produced in the mountain areas of Nepal. Most honey in Nepal is extracted by squeezing the combs with hands. Squeezed honey is very common in the mountain areas of Nepal where Apis cerana beekeeping is practiced in fixed comb log and wall hives. Some honey is also extracted by centrifugal extraction, mainly honey produced by Apis mellifera beekeepers who keep bees in moveable frame hives.
Nepal’s diverse climatic conditions and abundance of flora make it host to five species of honeybee. Among these, only the Asian hive bee (Apis cerana) and the European honeybee (Apis mellifera) can be kept in hives and managed for honey production and pollination. The other three species—the Himalayan cliff bee (Apis laboriosa), the giant honeybee (Apis dorsata) and the dwarf honeybee (Apis florea)—are wild. Specialized people and communities called ‘honey hunters’ collect honey and beeswax from the nests of these wild bees. Although there are no validated figures, it is estimated that, at present, there are about 90,000 Apis cerana hives and 20,000 Apis mellifera hives in Nepal.
In fiscal year 2015/16 Nepal’s honey production was of approximately 3500 metric tons. The official export quantity in fiscal year 2015/16 was six tons.
Non-tariff specification for import in major markets
To find out information on country-specific tariff rates, check the International Trade Centre’s MAcMAp. Put Nepal in exporting country field and select the destination country, exporting commodity and year to be exported to find the tariff rate. To find country-specific non-tariff requirements click here.