Major Export Products

Ginger

Ginger is one of the most popular spices in the world. The ever-popular rhizome is native to South and Southeast Asia and is widely used in kitchens all over the world owing to its taste and medicinal properties. In the South Asian subcontinent, it is used as an anti-inflammatory agent although there are studies that document its uses in cold and flu prevention and treatment, morning sickness and even in cancer treatment.

This is considered to have medicinal properties because of high levels of gingerol; a powerful component that gives it its natural zingy flavor, and which acts as an anti-inflammatory agent in the body. The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger are thought to provide pain relief in a number of ways, from halting migraines, to easing the aches of arthritis.

Studies have started showing exciting results on the effect of ginger on ovarian cancer: Although more research is needed, it seems that ginger has the ability to eliminate the cancerous ovarian cells. It also seems to dramatically slow the progress of bowel cancer. Spoon feeding of ginger ale is also practiced on the children when they have flu. Ginger also helps in boosting the immune system.

Nepal is the third-largest producer of ginger in the world. Ginger from Nepal is known to be organic and are found to be of high quality in terms of oil content and low fiber-14. Ginger from Nepal is primarily exported to India although some exporters are marketing their products in Japan and the Arabian Peninsula. Even the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia buy ginger from Nepal.

Production

In total, Nepal produces more than 250,000 MT of ginger of which more than 50% of total output is exported. It is assumed that around 200,000 families are engaged in the production of ginger throughout Nepal.

Ginger is produced in more than 65 districts all over Nepal. Doti, Kailali, Surkhet, and Salyan in western Nepal; Palpa, Syangja, and Nawalparasi in Central Nepal; and Ilam, Jhapa, and Sindhupalchowk in Eastern Nepal, are some of the major ginger producing districts in the country.

 

Non-tariff specifications for export

India is the largest importer of ginger from Nepal and its Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011 dictates standard for ginger, especially, dried ginger and ginger powder.

Specification of Dried ginger in India:

Characteristics

Requirement (India)

Requirement (Nepal)

Extraneous matter

Not more than 1% by weight

Not exceeding 2%

Moisture

Not more than 12% by weight

-

Total ash on a dry basis

Unbleached

Not more than 8% by weight

-

 

Bleached

Not more than 12% by weight

-

Calcium as Calcium oxide on a dry basis

Unbleached

Not more than 1.1% by weight

Not more than 4% by weight

 

Bleached

Not more than 2.5% by weight

Not more than 4% by weight

Volatile oil content on a dry basis

Not less than 1.5% by v/w

Not less than 1% by v/w

Insect Damaged matter

Not more than 1.0 percent by weight

-

(Source: India's Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011)

Specification of Dried ginger (powder) in India

Characteristics

Requirement (India)

Requirement (Nepal)

Moisture

 

Not more than 12% by weight

Not exceeding 13% by weight

Total ash on a dry basis

Unbleached

Not more than 8% by weight

Not exceeding 10% by weight

Bleached

Not more than 12% by weight

Not exceeding 10% by weight

Calcium as Calcium oxide on a dry basis

Unbleached

-14 Not more than 1.1% by weight

Not exceeding 4% by weight

Bleached

Not more than 2.5% by weight

Not exceeding 4% by weight

Volatile oil content on a dry basis

Not less than 1.5% by v/w

Not less than 1.% by v/w

Water-soluble ash on a dry basis

Not less than 1.7% by weight

-

Acid insoluble ash on a dry basis

Not more than 1.0% by weight

Not exceeding 1% by weight

Alcohol (90% v/w) soluble extract on a dry basis

Not less than 5.1% by weight

Not less than 4.5% by weight

Cold water-soluble extract on a dry basis

Not less than 11.4% by weight

Not less than 1% by weight

(Source: India's Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011)

Limit of radiation level in dried ginger in India

A dose of irradiation (kGy)

Minimum

Maximum

Overall Average

Ginger

0.03

0.15

0.09

(Source: India's Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1955)

The maximum permitted limit of certain additives in India

Additives

Limit

Ascorbyl Esters

500 mg/kg

Acesulfame K

2000 mg/kg

Butylated hydroxyanisole

200 mg/kg

Butylated hydroxytoluene

200 mg/kg

Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetates

70 mg/kg

Neotame

32 mg/kg

Propyl Gallate

200 mg/kg

Sorbates

1000 mg/kg

Tertiary Butyl Hydroquinone

200 mg/kg

Polysorbates

2000 mg/kg

Sulfites

150 mg/kg

(Source: India's Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011)

Click here to learn about the EU’s requirement for dry ginger import.

 

To find out information on country-specific tariff rates, check the International Trade Centre’s MAcMAp. Put Nepal in exporting country field and select the destination country, exporting commodity and year to be exported to find the tariff rate. To find country-specific non-tariff requirements click here.


Trade Statistics

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Related Measures and Procedures

Measures

Name Type Agency Description Comments Law Validity
Certificate of Origin Formality Requirement Ministry of Finance Section 21. Attachment of the documents with the declaration form: (1) A person importing or exporting goods pursuant to Section 18 of the Act, while submitting declaration form to the customs officer, shall submit the following documents including Certificate of Origin. Comments Customs Regulation, 2064 (2007) 9999-12-31 00:00:00.0
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Certificate Requirement Ministry of Finance 21. Attachment of the documents with the declaration form:(1) As per section 18 of the Act, the person importing or exporting goods,while submitting declaration form to the customs officer, should submitfollowing documents(a)..(b)...(c) For exportation(1) Invoice(2) Packing list(3) Certificate of Origin(4) Banking document regarding payment procedure, in case of export to third country(5) Documents which are required as per prevailing law regarding the recommendation, license, or certificate from any institution. However Certificate of Origin shall not be mandatory for the export in which G.S.P. certificate is required. Comments Customs Regulation, 2064 (2007) 9999-12-31 00:00:00.0



Procedures

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